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Lumineszenzdatierung braucht Low Level-Radiochemie

Lumineszenzdatierung braucht Low Level-Radiochemie

Lumineszenzdatierung braucht Low Level-Radiochemie

Author(s): Ludwig Zöller und Christoph Schmidt

Publication: Bunsenmagazin, Issue 4 2020, Aspekte, Seiten: 80-94

Publisher: Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft für physikalische Chemie e.V., Frankfurt

Language: Deutsch

DOI: 10.26125/a6mh-6128

Einführung

Einige nichtleitende Festkörper senden bei Erhitzen zusätzlich zur Planck’schen Wärmestrahlung Licht aus. Dieses ‚kalte Leuchten‘, Lumineszenz genannt, setzt eine vorherige externe Energiezufuhr, z.B. durch ionisierende Strahlung, voraus. Seit etwa 60 Jahren wird die Eigenschaft von bestimmten Mineralen wie Quarzen und Feldspäten, diese Energie längerfristig zu speichern, genutzt um Gesteine und Artefakte zu datieren. Die Lumineszenzdatierung hat sich aufgrund ihres breiten Anwendungsspektrums zu einer der wichtigsten chronometrischen Verfahren in den Quartärwissenschaften und der Archäologie etabliert.

Cite this: Zöller, Ludwig, Schmidt,  (2020): Lumineszenzdatierung braucht Low Level-Radiochemie. Bunsenmagazin 2020, 4: 80-94. Frankfurt am Main: Deutsche Bunsen-Gesellschaft für physikalische Chemie e.V. DOI: 10.26125/a6mh-6128

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